Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness over age 55. AMD is diagnosed with a dilated eye examination and early screening can slow the disease. AMD patients should avoid smoking, wear UV protective sunglasses and eat a low fat diet, rich in green leafy vegetable. They should monitor their vision daily with an Amsler grid and contact their doctor immediately if they notice sudden waviness in their center vision. Intravitreal injections can improve or stabilize vision and prevent blindness but this conditions requires careful follow-up with a retinal specialist.